PRO RATA definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary

One method of doing so is to evenly allocate it by month, so that each month is charged $100. There are a few additional considerations if you’re thinking about hiring employees on a pro rata basis. To begin with, you’ll need to check the latest government rules regarding benefits for part-time workers. In most cases, part-time hires must receive the same level of benefits as full-time employees, though the benefits can be applied on a pro rata basis. Some benefits can’t be reduced, however, such as subsidised parking or medical perks. In the case of dividends, a company’s shareholders are paid according to the number of shares they own.

  • Partner Smith has a 20% interest in the partnership, and so is liable for $200,000 of the legal settlement.
  • The seller calculates the amount it has earned as 10 service days divided by the 30-day service period, or $300, and returns the remaining $700 to the customer.
  • You can then apply the ratio to any related item to find the same proportion.
  • Pro rata calculations can be used in many areas, including determining dividend payments, which are cash payments by corporations paid to shareholders.
  • In a Bankruptcy case, when the debtor is insolvent, creditors generally agree to accept a pro rata share of what is owed to them.

If the debtor has any remaining funds, the money is divided proportionately among the creditors, according to the amount of the individual debts. Examples of pro rata being used include the division of a loan payment being adjusted monthly. The total amount paid by the borrower against the loan is the same each month. However, the amount of monthly payments that are allocated between the principal payment and the interest paid for the loan change each month as the loan is progressively paid off. The factor is calculated by dividing the length of time the bond was held after the last coupon payment by the time from one coupon payment to the next.


A business is sold, and the proceeds are distributed to the common shareholders based on the number of shares held by each one. As you can see from the example above, a pro rata calculator is often applied to salaries or hourly wages. However, these calculations are also applicable to financial situations such as dividend payments, interest rates, and insurance premiums. Pro Rata is a Latin term that means “proportionally.” In business, pro rata is a fair and equitable distribution method. With the use of this method, each concerned party receives a share that is proportional to their entitlement and contribution.

  • When a company pays dividends to its shareholders, each investor is paid according to its holdings.
  • A business is sold, and the proceeds are distributed to the common shareholders based on the number of shares held by each one.
  • Pro rata literally means the division of something to make up a whole.
  • Pro rata is used to ensure that people are given their fair share of a set amount, whether that be a salary, invoice or company profits.
  • Under a partnership agreement, each partner is liable to pay for any claims against the partnership, up to his or her partnership share.

For example, if I own 10% of a building, I may expect a pro rata share of 10% of the building’s rental income. In insurance, pro rata is used to determine the amount of premium due for a policy that only covers a partial term. Allocating the appropriate portion of an annual interest rate to a shorter time frame can also be done via pro rata. In accounting and finance, prorated means adjusted for a specific time period. For example, if an employee is due a salary of $80,000 per year, and they join the company on July 1, their prorated salary for that year would be $40,000. You can calculate the pro rata amount of an item by dividing the instance of that item by the maximum quantity of that item.

Dictionary Entries Near pro rata

Dividend payments are a classic example of pro rata since dividends are paid per share. Shareholders receive dividends in direct proportion to the number of common stock they own. A pro rata discount is a type of discount a merchant offers a customer. They may offer a discount as an incentive to a new customer to try a product or service.

Pro Rata Expense Allocation

When it comes to bonds, payment on accrued interest is calculated on a pro rata basis. Accrued interest is the total interest that has accumulated on a bond since its last coupon payment. When the bondholder sells the bond before the next coupon date, they’re still entitled to the interest that accrues up until the time the bond is sold. The bond buyer, not the issuer, is responsible for paying the bond seller the accrued interest, which is added to the market price.

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If a company has 100 shares outstanding, for example, and issues a dividend of $2 per share, the total amount of dividends paid will be $200. No matter how many shareholders there are, the total dividend payments cannot exceed this limit. In this case, $200 is the whole, and the pro rata calculation must be used to determine the appropriate portion of that whole due to each shareholder.

To calculate the pro rata share, divide the number of true items by the maximum quantity possible. In this example, the number of true items is the number of days worked. Assuming a non-leap year, there are 79 days (inclusive) between January 1 and March 20.

This ensures that there is fairness in the company’s distribution process. Based on a party’s proportionate participation in business, the pro rata is used to calculate the reimbursement amount. They will do so by dividing the total monthly rent due by the number of days in the month to determine the amount of the rent that is proportionate to each day. They will then multiply that amount by the number of days that you will be occupying the apartment that first month.